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Perhaps no state had a more violent entry into the Union than Kansas. Caught up in the struggle over slavery that would soon explode into the American Civil War, Kansas was the battleground between pro- and anti-slavery forces for seven deadly years before the Blue and Gray took up arms against each other, earning Kansas Territory the nickname "Bleeding Kansas."

Abolitionists won the fierce struggle, and Kansas was admitted into the Union as the 34th state on Jan. 29, 1861, as a free state. By that time six states had already seceded from the Union. In all, eleven states ended up seceding and forming the Confederate States of America, and the nation plunged into a civil war. For Kansas, however, the fighting had already been going on for seven long years.


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