1860 United States
Federal Census for all Foster Heads of Households
(602) living in Texas.
Enumerators of the 1860 census were
instructed to record the names of every person in the household.
Added to this, enumerators were presented with printed instructions,
which account for the greater degree of accuracy compared with
earlier censuses. Enumerators were asked to include the following
categories in the census: name; age as of the census day; sex;
color; birthplace; occupation of persons over age fifteen; value of
real estate; whether married within the previous year; whether deaf,
dumb, blind, insane, a pauper, or a convict; whether able to read or
speak English; and whether the person attended school within the
previous year. No relationships were shown between members of a
household. The categories allowed Congress to determine persons
residing in the United States for collection of taxes and the
appropriation of seats in the House of Representatives.
The official enumeration day of the 1860
census was 1 June 1860. All questions asked were supposed to refer
to that date. By 1860, there were a total of thirty-three states in
the Union, with Minnesota and Oregon being the latest editions.
There were no substantial state- or district-wide losses.